Athena Swan

Athena Swan promotes and supports the careers of women in Science, Engineering and Technology (STEM), and aims to address gender inequalities and imbalance in these disciplines and, in particular, the under-representation of women in senior roles.

Friday, 19 December 2014

In the news - not the REF!

For those in post-REF recovery, you will be pleased to know that is the last mention of it in this blog post! Somewhat lost in the build-up, however, was a string of items about the ups and downs of being a temporary researcher (PhD student/post doc), in addition to the usual selection of thoughts on gender diversity at work.

In the States, concern that the lack of permanent positions is driving post docs out of research was broached from several angles. This article in the THE argues that fewer post docs should be available, but better paid, so that they are reserved for people actually intending to go into research careers instead of becoming a 'holding pattern.' The Science Careers blog was alive with articles, including this one on a new report from the
U.S. National Academies, called 'The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited', summarising clear concerns about the current research training process and ways to mitigate them, echoing the arguments in the THE article (fewer, better paid positions for those most likely to enter research careers). Science Careers also interviewed the chair of the report,

Gregory Petsko, and reflected on the numbers of doctorates and post docs in the States, released as part of the National Science Foundation's report 'Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities: 2013.'

Meanwhile, the Royal Society released a report on doctoral training to help students and their mentors manage career expectations, not necessarily in academia. The group's chair, Athene Donald, discussed the results on both the Royal Society's blog In verba and on her own blog at Occam's Typewriter. In Australia, a new article in the Journal of Further and Higher Education reflected on efforts to develop an early career mentor programme, which simultaneously created new opportunities and added to the pressures felt by the mentees.

Concerns were also raised about how to make science a desirable career choice, whatever path you ultimately travel. The Science Careers blog argued that academia needs to focus more on the novel and creative aspects that (usually) get us into science in the first place instead of the increasingly hypercompetitive and unstable careers market, focussed only on the relentless need to write papers and grants. A later post discussed a new report, which concluded that fewer women and minorities in the States were interested in a research career at the start of their PhDs, and dropped much faster than for white men over the course of their degrees. Since this effect was observed even when controlled for research productivity, self-confidence, or how the scientists describe their relationship with their adviser, solving these problems is not as simple as increasing the numbers of underrepresented groups in the PhD pool.

Academia generally came in for a beating, with a paper published in Learning and Teaching considering the effects of management tactics to quantify individual outputs, is creating an increasingly insecure work environment and ultimately replacing collegiality with competition. The Guardian went one step further, arguing the increasing struggle for research funding is leading to a bullying culture, which universities and HR departments were not taking seriously enough.

Finally, there were several stories from the business world. The NY Times reported on the growing trend of women choosing to leave their jobs behind after having children. While many of the reasons given were personal, employment policies in the States, such as paid maternity leave and flexible working arrangements, were felt to be considerably behind those in Europe, even if European policies came with their own drawbacks. Two articles considered the roles of men in promoting gender equality at work, one accusing male tech workers of giving only lip service to their efforts, while the other highlighted programmes that are making a difference.

On which note, a happy Christmas break to you all, and see you in the new year!

Wednesday, 10 December 2014

In the news - Best Way for Professors to Get Good Student Evaluations? Be Male.

For those who think the coming generation are automatically less biased than their elders, this new study suggests otherwise - the same person teaching an online course to two groups of students, but identifying as male to one group and female to the other, got radically different reviews at the end of the course, and whether that person was actually male or female. As the author indicates, it was based on a very small sample, but reaches the same conclusions as larger studies on the matter. 

The results were astonishing. Students gave professors they thought were male much higher evaluations across the board than they did professors they thought were female, regardless of what gender the professors actually were. When they told students they were men, both the male and female professors got a bump in ratings. When they told the students they were women, they took a hit in ratings. Because everything else was the same about them, this difference has to be the result of gender bias. 

Read more here.

Royal Society Rosalind Franklin Award and Lecture

This award is made to support the promotion of women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. The Royal Society Rosalind Franklin Award is awarded annually for an outstanding contribution to any area of science, technology, engineering or mathematics (STEM). The medal is of silver gilt and is accompanied by a grant of £30,000. The recipient of the award is expected to spend a proportion of the grant on implementing a project to raise the profile of women in STEM in their host institution and/or field of expertise in the UK. There are no restrictions on the age of nominees, though it is anticipated that the award will be made to an individual in mid-career, with a maximum of 20 years post PhD or equivalent. The winner is also called upon to deliver a lecture at the Society.
Nominations and more details: 
https://royalsociety.org/awards/rosalind-franklin-award/

Tuesday, 9 December 2014

In the news - Advice for my younger self: it’s OK to clock off

In an age where technology blurs the lines of work, rest and play, it is even more important to set boundaries you are happy with when it comes to your personal life and career ambitions.
I don’t regret my approach to work as it has helped me to get where I am today, but I do feel my efforts were often misplaced and misguided. It really isn’t about the number of hours you work or how many holidays you don’t take.
It’s about being effective and managing expectations. And while I really wanted to avoid using clich├ęs, there is no better way to sum up my advice than saying “start as you mean to go on”. It is so much harder to change your approach once a way of working has become a way of life.

Read more here.

In the news - Equality, diversity and inclusion

The Science Council, the umbrella organisation for UK learned and professional societies, recently signed a Declaration to promote equality, diversity and inclusion amongst its members. The Geological Society of London is amongst them, and has now appointed a diversity champion (Tricia Henton) to establish a current baseline and drive good practice in the future. This month's Soapbox in the Geoscientist magazine introduces Tricia and outlines her plans for the next year - as well as inviting feedback from the wider Fellowship.

We are aware that the Society has very little baseline data against which to measure success. We were surprised to find that a group of professional institutions and major geosciences employers all collect substantially more information from members and employees than we do, allowing them to monitor their progress more easily. So, one of the first changes we propose is to put in place effective diversity monitoring - a legal requirement in the public, and standard practice in large parts of the private, sector (subject, of course, to the requirements of data security and confidentiality). 
Good communications are vital to promoting change. We want all of you, the Fellowship and stakeholders, to contribute your views on how well we currently present ourselves.  Do we foster the feeling of being an ‘inclusive’ Society? Do we cater for and adequately support differences of gender, ethnicity, age, sexual preference and physical ability? Our Vice President for Regional Groups has already volunteered to provide feedback from them. Many of their members are employed by a wide range of companies and public sector bodies whose experience will be helpful and relevant.

Read more here.

Monday, 8 December 2014

In the news - Boardroom Quotas Won't Help Women

One of the many ideas put forth for raising the proportion of underrepresented groups is a quota system, or the mandatory hiring of one group over another. Aside from emphasising characteristics most would consider irrelevant to their ability to do the job (gender, skin colour, nationality, etc.), and taking away the ability of an employer to hire the best candidate for the position, there is a very strong risk that people hired under these rules will be viewed as 'less able' by their colleagues (a criticism frequently levelled at affirmative action programmes in the States). With Germany now passing a law that at least 30% of non-executive boardrooms must be female after 2016, concerns are being raised that it will backfire spectacularly - and other countries should pay heed.

Germany’s coalition government adopted a draft law two weeks ago requiring corporations to allocate at least 30 percent of supervisory board positions to women, starting in 2016. The bill will go to Parliament on Thursday and is widely expected to pass.
Yet those cheering this decision as a major coup should hold the schnapps. Although the quota may somewhat improve corporate diversity in Europe’s leading economy, there is little reason to think it will make any real difference for German women.

Carrie Lukas, NY Times, 7 December 2014
Read more here.

Sunday, 7 December 2014

In the news - weekend round-up

The weekend usually brings a bevvy of op-ed articles and interesting links, so instead of individual posts, I will start corralling them here in a weekly compendium.

For those approaching (or considering) a lectureship in the UK, this report from AGCAS identifies the key traits and experiences current academics look for when hiring new colleagues. Unsurprisingly, research experience and a strong publication record top the list, but the range of responses to topics as diverse as mobility, outreach work and teaching experience are all important to keep in mind when planning your career trajectory.

Much has been made recently of mentoring schemes and other formal career development tools, particularly for early career researchers, but sometimes smaller efforts by those higher up the food chain can have a disproportionately large impact on others. Athene Donald, a professor of physics at Cambridge, blogs (and tweets) regularly about supporting women's careers in academia, much of which is also broadly applicable to all working in research or university environments. Her latest post, entitled 'On sponsorship and kindness', offers sound advice to all those who provide feedback - be that job applications, reviewing papers or students you supervise.

The business world - another hyper-competitive industry - provides ample fodder this week for advice, whether you are striving to climb the greasy pole of success or already up there. We start with an interview with Jacqueline Gold, the boss of Ann Summers who has grown the business through thick and thin over 33 years. Her chief advice for those following in her footsteps? “You can be tenacious, you can have courage, you can be passionate but you don’t need to be aggressive. We tend to associate these strong people with power and influence with aggressiveness and that just isn’t the case.”

Not every business women is so enamoured with her career path. A new study of Harvard Business School graduates has found that male and female graduates overwhelmingly want high-achieving careers, even after they start families, but women's expectations are more often mismatched with what actually happens, both at work and at home. One letter to the editor in response indicates just how great this gulf can be.

Not everything is up to the employee, no matter how determined s/he is. Unconscious bias is constantly cited as a chief obstacle to women obtaining employment parity with men, yet this study demonstrates how efforts to reduce this bias (which we all have - male and female) can backfire spectacularly. In essence, when we are told something happens a lot, we are more inclined to do the same thing because it becomes the social norm - even something as 'obviously' wrong as stealing petrified wood from a national monument.

Finally, the benefits of accommodating the range of skills and experiences people bring to a project are emphasised in this article, along with steps those in leadership positions can take to promote such efforts, whatever their seniority - no passing the buck to those higher up the food chain! With universities, like businesses, increasingly operating on a global stage, it will only become more important to value this diversity, rather than force people into the existing model.

Friday, 5 December 2014

In the news - There is a culture of acceptance around mental health issues in academia

As the university considers staff attitudes to mental health issues in conjunction with Time to Change, it is worth considering that many of these problems stretch back to experiences or attitudes encountered while a student - particularly those at higher levels. This article from the Guardian Higher Education Network debates some of the issues from someone who completed a PhD and now works to support those going through the process.

Among the people I do know who have done PhDs, I have seen depression, sleep issues, eating disorders, alcoholism, self-harming, and suicide attempts. I have seen how issues with mental health can go on to affect physical health. During my PhD I noticed changes to my skin, and changes in my menstrual cycle which persist to this day.
Who else is supposed to help you? Your supervisor? "A blemish on my career," is how one academic referred to their experience of supervising a student who developed mental health difficulties during their studies.
Mental health problems are often not perceived to be anything to do with supervisory inadequacies. It is important to remember that academics who are PhD supervisors did not make it to their current rank because of their exceptional supervising skill. They got to that position by being an excellent researcher, and winning some cash.
Clearly, you can't budget for empathy. Today, I say that we should not accept this.
It is not OK for PhD students to become so affected by their studies that they kill themselves.
It is not OK for PhD students to maintain the culture of working yourself to the point of illness.
It is not OK for academics to wash their hands of the situation.


Read more here.

In the news: Yes, let's discuss lad culture – but don't let university leaders off the hook

It’s hard to find statistics on sexism and sexual harassment, but if you’re a woman studying or working in higher education, you’ve probably heard enough stories to last you a lifetime. As a blogger on Tenure, She Wrote writes: “Very often, women quietly tell their stories without naming their harassers.” This exchange of quiet confidences is more common than our universities, the bastions of progressive thought, would like to believe.
How about the only woman in a meeting being asked about tea and cakes or, perhaps a slight improvement, being called a “clever girl”? What about a professor saying: “Sorry about all the women in this laboratory, but at least they’re good to look at”? Women in senior positions are not exempt either – it’s not uncommon for women professors to be introduced as so-and-so’s wife. These stories are from across the UK, Europe and North America and, needless to say, they’re only the tip of the iceberg.
If universities truly intend to reform themselves, university leaders need to lead by example. Here are a few ways to get started:
  • Involve female students and staff in discussions about sexism in your university. Remember that informing them is not sufficient. Listen to what they have to say and act on it – their experience of sexism is more valid than any understanding of the issue you might have.
  • Don’t wait to act until something big has happened. If you’re hearing murmurs about sexism or other kinds of discrimination, take it seriously – you’ll stand yourself in good stead if you’re proactive about it.
  • Treat complaints about your star professor the same way you’d treat complaints about students – being a staff member, even an excellent staff member, does not excuse discriminatory and offensive behaviour.
  • Attend equality and diversity training sessions – don’t think you’re above it. You’re biased like anyone else is and these sessions can help you understand and mitigate your own biases.
Read more here.

In the news - Student wins award with unusual dance video

Art and science meet in an award-winning dance video by physics PhD student Claire Le Cras, recently presented with this year's Institute of Physics Early Career Physics Communicator Award. What's next for this promising future physicist? Finishing her PhD under the supervision of Prof Claudia Maraston and Dr Daniel Thomas, but also exploring further possibilities with the dance workshops. We look forward to seeing the results! 

A University of Portsmouth PhD student who explained the life cycle of a star using a dance video has won this year’s Early Career Physics Communicator Award.
Claire Le Cras, a third year PhD student at the Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, was recognised for her public engagement and outreach work by the Institute of Physics.
At the final of the competition Claire showed a short video of a dance workshop, which follows the life cycle of a massive star interpreted and performed by seven young dancers from Guernsey.

Read more here.

Thursday, 4 December 2014

In the news - Paradigms and prejudice

The Williams and Ceci Times essay does contain one patently inaccurate statement: “Our country desperately needs more talented people in [scientific] fields.” To the contrary, evidence they and their co-authors present in the Psychological Science in the Public Interest paper makes clear that concern about “leakage” of women—or, for that matter, of anybody—from the pipeline to the tenure track is decidedly, well, academic. Over 6 years at a “large state university” cited in the paper, out “of 3,245 applicants for 63 tenure-track positions in 19 STEM fields, 2.03% of male applicants were hired compared with 4.28% of females,” the authors write. And, as we have reported previously, fewer than a third of the top postdocs at ultraprestigious UC San Francisco make it onto the tenure track. For the great majority of early-career scientists of either gender to have any hope of earning a living, they must “leak” into lines of endeavor other than academic science.

So, notwithstanding the squawking from the blogosphere, the data indicate that able women who set out to make academic careers today in math-intensive fields of science have as good a chance of succeeding as men, keeping in mind that the chances don’t appear great for anyone of either gender. A vast oversupply of scientists has created fierce competition for the very few available academic posts. Many people, it appears, decline to make the life choices—specifically the single-minded expenditure of time and devotion—needed for those jobs. There is, of course, no guarantee that women won’t encounter men with sexist attitudes in the scientific world; they very likely will. Clearly, though, the objective barriers that blocked the way for past generations of scientifically talented women are, if the hiring and promotion data are to be believed, objectively gone. It’s likely, therefore, that we're confronting a new reality that requires and deserves a new paradigm to describe it.

Read more here.

Wednesday, 3 December 2014

Undergraduate Women in Physics Conference

Undergraduate Women in Physics Conference, 19 - 22 March 2015

The University of Oxford is very pleased to host CUWiP UK, the first Undergraduate Women in Physics Conference in the UK, which will take place in March 2015. The application site is now open (http://www.physics.ox.ac.uk/cuwip2015/index.html) and closes 15 January 2015. We ask that you advertise the conference among your physics majors, encourage them to apply, and help support them to attend if they are accepted to the conference.

The conference will start with a welcome reception Thursday evening, 19 March 2015, and end Sunday afternoon, 22 March. It will bring together successful female physicists and 100 undergraduate women in physics to highlight career opportunities for women in physics and the contributions of women in physics. The meeting will provide ample opportunities for interacting with fellow physicists. The conference will include the following activities:
·       Presentations by distinguished physicists on their cutting edge research and personal career paths;
·       Panels offering guidance on the graduate school application process and featuring career opportunities outside academia;
·       Workshops on effective assertiveness, how to take more control over challenging situations, careers confidence, and how to market oneself effectively.
·       A tour of ISIS, Diamond, and the Central Laser Facility at RAL and several laboratories at the Department of Physics of the University of Oxford.

Lodging and meals will be provided for participants who are accepted to the conference. Physics departments are strongly encouraged to provide support for travel for their own students. More information on CUWiP UK can be found at http://www.physics.ox.ac.uk/cuwip2015/index.html. The deadline for applications is 15 January 2015.

Please send any questions on the CUWiP UK conference to cuwip@physics.ox.ac.uk

Professor Daniela Bortoletto
for the CUWiP UK Organising Committee

Tuesday, 2 December 2014

In the news - Tackling the UK's 'diversity deficit' in the boardroom

Academia is far from alone in the battle for greater diversity in the workforce - business boardrooms and sport are also overwhelmingly white and male. So what tactics are having an impact in these high pressure environments?

"When I was growing up my career adviser gave me two options - a nurse and a teacher," says 43-year-old Karen Blackett.
Ms Blackett, who is now the UK chief executive of global media agency MediaCom, last month became the first businesswoman to top the Powerlist 100, which champions the most influential black people in Britain.
Today she is one of the few exceptions to the current lack of ethnic diversity in British boardrooms.
She manages £1.2bn ($1.8bn) of advertising spending for companies like Procter and Gamble, Shell, Universal, RBS and Volkswagen for MediaCom, and earlier this year she was awarded the OBE.

Read more here.

Monday, 1 December 2014

In the news - What do young scientists want?

The transitional period from PhD student to permanent (academic) staff member is when many talented researchers of both genders are lost from the pipeline. So what do post-docs think needs to be done? Hundreds of Boston-area early career scientists gathered in early October to debate the matter, and the white paper summarising their concerns, goals and suggested actions was published today. Above all was the emphasis on post-doctoral roles as training positions, not lab rats. Too many supervisors still work to the idea that post docs are employed to make their supervisors look good, rather than to further the post-doc's career, which in turn boosts the profile of their supervisors. As one participant put it, 'If you’re going to call me a trainee, then train me.'

When hundreds of Boston-area postdocs and graduate scientists gathered in early October for the postdoc-organized Future of Research (FOR) Symposium, the organizers promised a consensus document that, as lead organizer Jessica Polka told Science Careers, “people can point to and say, ‘This is what the postdocs are worried about.’”
That document, “Shaping the Future of Research: a perspective from junior scientists,” has now been published at F1000Research. More a report than a manifesto, it describes the symposium’s various sessions and details surveys and comments of participants. It advocates three principles distilled from the discussions as the basis for “future activities towards scientific reform.”

Read more on the Science Careers blog.

In the news - Evolution of paleontology: Long-term gender trends in an earth-science discipline

Recent work on the gender balance of abstract submissions to the largest palaeontological conference in north America, the North American Paleontological Convention, provides very promising evidence that efforts to raise the profile and number of female contributors is making a difference. This article suggests that the number of female authors is rising, largely due to collaborations with more senior (typically male) colleagues, although efforts are still needed to get mid- and late-career women represented as keynote speakers and convenors.

The historical development of gender diversity in paleontology may be representative of similar changes across the geosciences. An analysis of the programs of the ten North American Paleontological Conventions held since 1969 shows a steady increase in the participation by women in the discipline. Notably, the proportion of male authorship on abstracts was stable while female authorship contribution increased. Much of the growth in female authorship is due to increased collaboration and recognition of student participation with junior authorship. These changes are just starting to be reflected at more senior levels; strategies need to be implemented to ensure that young female geoscientists are retained and developed.

Roy E. Plotnick, Alycia L. Stigall, Ioana Stefanescu; GSA Today, November 2014, doi:10.1130/GSATG219GW.1

Friday, 28 November 2014

In the news - so many choices!

What a day - news stories from all corners reporting on everything from creating a happier workforce to recognising women's efforts to the effect of going through an Athena SWAN application from someone who thought he was doing all the right things.

Women who helped crack the Enigma code and create the first computers at Bletchley Park, including Joyce Wheeler, one of the first academics to use the Edsac computer, would have been thrilled to see the rebuilt Edsac being turned on today at the Museum of Computing.

Dr Tom Solomon, whose department recently applied for an Athena SWAN award, discusses how the process opened his eyes to the need to support and celebrate women in science and technology.

Researchers from Andalusia have considered the effect of postdoctoral mobility requirements on a cohort of 5000 PhD holders, with a particular emphasis on variations between disciplines and eventual career outcomes for men and women.

For those who doubt the impact those in leadership positions can have on those working under them, this report documents how small changes can have a dramatic effect on interpersonal relationships.

A talk by Prof. Michelle Ryan (Exeter/Groningen) in Glasgow on 3 December, entitled 'How to help women into leadership roles,' will argue that current organisational solutions focus on time and flexible working practices, which may do little to address gender imbalances and may even make them worse.

And finally, UoP senior lecturer Claire Sambrook has won the Woman of the Year award, organised by local newspaper The News.

In the news - Sexism is daily reality for girls, says Girlguiding

Sexism is so widespread in the UK that it affects "most aspects" of the lives of girls and young women, a report from Girlguiding says.
"Sexual harassment is commonplace, girls' appearance is intensively scrutinised and their abilities are undermined," says the report.
The report Equality for Girls is based on a survey of more than 1,200 girls and young women aged seven to 21.
Girlguiding chief executive Julie Bentley called it a "wake-up call".
She said: "This cannot be dismissed as something that girls and young women just have to deal with as they grow up."
Girls needed to live in an equal society if they were to flourish and fulfil their potential to be leaders in all walks of life, added Ms Bentley.
The survey of a representative sample of girls and young women, both Guides and non-Guides, gives "a disturbing insight into the state of equality for girls in the UK", says Girlguiding, which has more than half a million members. 

Judith Burns, BBC News, 23 November 2013
Read more here.

Wednesday, 26 November 2014

Athena Swan - December Committee Meeting

Dear all,

The Athena Swan committee members of the School of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of Portsmouth will meet again on Thursday, the 18th of Dec. 2014. Any staff member interested in participating, please feel free to attend. The meeting details and agenda are:   


School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Portsmouth
  Athena Swan Committee Meeting

Thursday, 18th Dec. 2014, 10.30 - 11.30 am, Location:  BB1.25

 1. Apologies

2. Welcome to new members

3. Review of the SEES Athena Swan Bronze award draft application 

University Athena SWAN conference

The next Athena SWAN conference will be taking place on the afternoon of Wednesday 4 March 2015, so please save the date.
The third annual conference will have the theme ‘Building Success’ with key note speakers from the fields of architecture, engineering and technology.
Athena SWAN promotes and supports the careers of women in Science, Engineering and Technology (STEM), and aims to address gender inequalities and imbalance in these disciplines and, in particular, the under-representation of women in senior roles.

Read more on Staff Essentials.

Tuesday, 25 November 2014

In the news - Ed Miliband promises to train up thousands of female engineers

Thousands of female engineers will be trained up as part of a 'national mission' to get Britain building again, Ed Miliband announced today.
The Labour leader said it was a 'national embarrassment' that just one in 25 engineers were women.
He pledged to ensure an extra 400,000 engineers were trained up by 2020 - with a Labour source promising a 'significant increase' in the proportion of women.

By Tom McTague, Daily Mail, 24 November 2014
Read more here.

Monday, 24 November 2014

In the news - Why women leave academia and why universities should be worried

Young women scientists leave academia in far greater numbers than men for three reasons. During their time as PhD candidates, large numbers of women conclude that (i) the characteristics of academic careers are unappealing, (ii) the impediments they will encounter are disproportionate, and (iii) the sacrifices they will have to make are great.
This is the conclusion of The chemistry PhD: the impact on women's retention, a report for the UK Resource Centre for Women in SET and the Royal Society of Chemistry. In this report, the results of a longitudinal study with PhD students in chemistry in the UK are presented.
Read more here.

Saturday, 22 November 2014

In the news - 5 practical things that men can do for gender equality at work

I can't put it any better than the opening lines of this article:

There is no shortage of advice for women who want a more level playing field at work:
We should learn to accept criticism, stop apologizing, change our tone of voice, learn how to negotiate, sit at the table, and "lean in," yet still find that elusive work-life balance at the same time.
But we will never reach equality with only one gender putting forth all the effort.
In fact, studies have shown that the best people to promote both gender and racial diversity at work are . . . white men.

Read more here.

In the news - Hundreds of PhD students chasing every early career post

Something we all know, but useful to see quantified - especially when the jump from PhD to post-doc is one of the biggest leaks in the pipeline for all underrepresented groups.

As many as 200 applicants are chasing every early career post at top universities, an investigation by Times Higher Education has shown.
Despite many universities recently starting their own flagship schemes to recruit top PhD students, competition for a limited number of postdoctoral research posts remains fierce, according to figures obtained under the Freedom of Information Act.
Many of the fixed-term research posts advertised by universities, which are viewed as a stepping stone to a permanent academic job, receive hundreds of applications for a handful of posts, our data reveal.

Read more here.

In the news - Ten Simple Rules to Achieve Conference Speaker Gender Balance

For those who think gender balance is all too much like hard work, here are ten ways a few small changes can make big improvements at one of the most public science stages - conferences:

Recently, the quantum molecular science world was in uproar [1], [2]. The preliminary list of approximately 25 speakers for the International Congress of Quantum Chemistry (ICQC) was published online, with no women speakers listed. One reaction to this list was to set up a petition to “condemn gender-biased discriminatory practices of which ICQC-2015 is the most recent example” [3]. This resulted in an apology and a new speaker list with six women speakers [4].
Sadly though, this is not an isolated incident: men-only invited conference speaker lists are all too common [5].
How can we get gender balance right? To begin with, it's worth reminding ourselves why gender balance is important.

Read more here.

Wednesday, 19 November 2014

New Athena Swan SEES committee member

We would like to welcome a new Athena Swan (AS) committee member, Miss Orla.Bath-Enright,
PhD Researcher in School of Earth & Environmental Sciences. Orla's is in charge with the Co-Development of the Action Plan.

Emmy Noether Visiting Fellowships

Amalie Emmy Noether, an influential German mathematician known for her ground-breaking contributions to abstract algebra and theoretical physics, was regarded by Albert Einstein as the most important woman in the history of mathematics.
 
In honour of Noether’s genius and legacy, Perimeter Institute invites applications for Emmy Noether Visiting Fellowships from outstanding theoretical physicists who wish to pursue research at the institute while on leave from their faculty positions at home institutes.

Perimeter Institute promotes an inclusive, welcoming culture and a family-friendly workplace. The Emmy Noether Fellowships are central to Perimeter Institute's initiatives to support female physicists.

Applications for Emmy Noether Visiting Fellowships are now being accepted. The deadline for applications is January 15, 2015.

Read more here.

In the news - Gender pay gap shrinks to record low, says ONS

The average full-time pay gap between men and women is at its narrowest since comparative records began in 1997, official figures show.
The difference stood at 9.4% in April compared with 10% a year earlier, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) said, a gap of about £100 a week.
However, the change was the result of men's wages dropping faster than women's in real terms.
The gender pay gap in 1997 was 17.4%, the ONS said.

BBC News, 19 November 2014
Read more here.

In the news - Academia for women: short maternity leave, few part-time roles and lower pay

Equality Challenge Unit figures reveal a dismal picture for female academics with the continued dominance of men in the sector.

Sophia Latham, 39, has just been appointed to a tenure track fellowship at the Institute of Infection and Global Health at Liverpool University. After five years, if all goes to plan, she will end up with a permanent job. What makes her promotion unusual is that Latham was appointed to the role on a part-time basis only a few weeks after returning to work from maternity leave. “I haven’t seen this kind of prestigious role offered part-time anywhere else,” she says. “Normally if you are looking for a part-time position, you are looking at term-time teaching roles.”
Latham is one of the lucky ones. Female academics find it disproportionately difficult to juggle their career and parenthood. Fewer professors, lecturers and researchers at some leading universities are taking maternity leave than in 2010, while at others there has been little or no improvement.
If more women were being promoted into staff and senior jobs, the numbers taking maternity leave would rise. Instead they are stagnating, or, worryingly, in some cases, falling. That’s the finding of new research by Education Guardian and comes as figures published on Tuesday reveal a persistent pay gap, the continued dominance of men in senior roles, and very few permanent part-time academic jobs.

By: Anna Bawden, The Guardian, 18 November 2014
Read more here.  

In the news - White males monopolise best paid jobs in UK universities, report shows

White males are clinging on to the best paid jobs in universities, while equality initiatives are struggling to gain ground, according to a study by the Equality Challenge Unit (ECU).
Data collected last academic year by the ECU, a charity that advises universities on diversity issues, suggests that 78.3% of professors are men, while only 4% of black academic staff are professors.
“Universities need to be focusing on specific areas of action if we are going to transform the culture of higher education into one that is fair, inclusive, and offers the same chances to everyone,” said David Ruebain, chief executive of ECU.

In the news - Postdoc Mentorship Can Launch Careers

Efforts to increase the number of women entering STEM subjects mean ever more women attain higher degrees in these areas, but the number who then continue into permanent academic or research posts is still woefully few. Mentoring is often offered to permanent staff, who are seen as a long-term investment, but what about schemes for contract workers? New research suggests the benefits of mentoring schemes greatly outweigh the effort required to set them up, for both mentor and mentee. Indeed, a clear mentoring plan is now required for postdocs by many grant bodies, including the NSF and IRC. So how does this work in practice? One scheme is described in this article from American Scientist:

The postdoctoral experience has become integral to building a career in science. The number of postdocs in science, engineering, and mathematics in the United States has grown from fewer than 20,000 in 1980 to upward of 60,000. At the same time, the number of years a newly minted PhD seeking a tenure-track job spends in a postdoc has increased—in many fields to well over three years. The importance of the postdoc phase to a mathematician’s or scientist’s career has, on the whole, become much greater. Even though 80 percent of postdocs are at academic institutions, only one out of five landed a tenure-track job in 2012, according to a recent poll by Science’s blog Careers. The unsettling nature of this statistic resonates with my own experience as a postdoc in mathematics at Duke University. In particular, I remember facing the exhaustion of a recent PhD-writing adventure coupled with the stress of an uncertain future. 

By: Rachel Levy, Nov-Dec 2014
Read more here.

Monday, 17 November 2014

In the news - Managers Tell Women in Tech They Are “Abrasive” and Need to “Step Back” to “Let Others Shine”

Ah yes, the old double standards problem - according to some, if women pushed themselves harder they'd achieve as much as men, but those who stand their ground are pushy, aggressive or abrasive... Unconscious bias strikes again?


Kieran Snyder had heard about women in the tech word being judged more harshly than their male colleagues for the same traits and wanted to know "how often this perception of female abrasiveness undermines women’s careers." So she asked a group of men and women in tech to share their performance reviews with her, without telling them what the study was for. "The question I wanted to answer was: Did review tone or content differ based on the employee’s gender," Snyder writes in Fortune. It turns out that not only did gender matter, it appears to have mattered a lot, enough to shock even me, a jaded feminist.


By: Amanda Marcotte, 28 August 2014
Read more here.

In the news - Executive Women, Finding (and Owning) Their Voice

Assertiveness - the ability to make your needs and wishes heard amongst the clatter of other people's - is essential in competitive environments, but often viewed as 'aggressive' or 'inappropriate' in women (see also this story for more). Four executives reflect on how they developed this skill to find and assert their voices in the hyper-competitive world of business, rising to positions of great power and authority. 


What does it mean for women to have a “voice” in meetings? How can they navigate perceptions around assertiveness, particularly when they are often judged more harshly than men? And is much of the conversation around women and leadership really just about power?

These are just a few of the themes that arose during interviews with four executives about the challenges they have faced at work over the years and the advice they would give to other women about surviving and thriving in the workplace.

Read more here.

Friday, 14 November 2014

What makes a Portsmouth female entrepreneur?

Wednesday 19 November,  5.00pm–7.00pm, Purple Door

Female entrepreneurship takes centre-stage this November as Women’s Entrepreneurship Day (WED) launches on 19 November, 2014. Alongside that event, the University of Portsmouth is facilitating an event around entrepreneurship for women in the City. This event will attempt to celebrate the success of female business women in the City and inspire more to take up the mantle.

In the news - Why women leave academia and why universities should be worried

Report reveals that only 12% of third year female PhD students want a career in academia. Curt Rice looks at the reasons why and warns that universities' survival is at risk.  
Young women scientists leave academia in far greater numbers than men for three reasons. During their time as PhD candidates, large numbers of women conclude that (i) the characteristics of academic careers are unappealing, (ii) the impediments they will encounter are disproportionate, and (iii) the sacrifices they will have to make are great.

Read more here.

Thursday, 13 November 2014

In the news - No sexism in science? Not so fast, critics say

There has never been a better time for American women to enter academic careers in math-intensive science fields. That's the message Cornell University psychologist Stephen Ceci says he was hoping to get across in an op-ed he and Wendy Williams, also a Cornell psychologist, recently published in The New York Times. But the 31 October article, based on an extensive study of U.S. government data and the existing literature, left some readers unconvinced and others outright angry. The op-ed ran under a provocative headline: "Academic Science Isn't Sexist." The outcry on blogs and Twitter was swift. But some accepted the authors' findings about how women are faring in physics, math, engineering, and similar fields, while rejecting their optimistic analysis. 

Read more here.

Invitation - SET for BRITAIN

From Andrew Miller MP
Chairman, Parliamentary and Scientific Committee

SET for BRITAIN 2015

Dear Scientist, Engineer or Mathematician

I am writing on behalf of the Parliamentary and Scientific Committee to alert you to a major scientific competition and exhibition in Parliament and encourage you to take part. SET for BRITAIN will be held in the House of Commons on Monday 9 March 2015 between noon and 9 pm as a prelude to National Science and Engineering Week 2015.

The day will be divided into three sessions. Applications are invited from early-career research scientists, engineers, technologists and mathematicians who wish to exhibit posters in one of the following five areas:
                                    Biological and Biomedical Science
                                    Chemistry
                                    Engineering
                                    Mathematical Sciences
                                    Physics

A wide range of important scientific, engineering and mathematics institutions are lending their support to this event, including the Society of Biology, The Physiological Society, the Royal Society of Chemistry, the Royal Academy of Engineering, the Council for the Mathematical Sciences, the Clay Mathematics Institute, and the Institute of Physics. This reflects the importance we all attach to the encouragement of researchers at this stage in their careers.

Prizes will be awarded for the posters presented in each discipline which best communicate high level science, engineering or mathematics to a lay audience. The Westminster Medal for the overall winner will be awarded in memory of the late Dr Eric Wharton, who did so much to establish SET for BRITAIN as a regular event in the Parliamentary calendar. Full details of the competition and exhibition including the application form can be found on the SET for BRITAIN website at: www.SETforBRITAIN.org.uk. I very much hope that you will apply to take part yourself or will encourage your early-career colleagues to do so.

With Best Wishes
 
Andrew Miller MP

Tuesday, 11 November 2014

In the news - Joan Clarke, woman who cracked Enigma cyphers with Alan Turing

Joan Clarke's ingenious work as a codebreaker during WW2 saved countless lives, and her talents were formidable enough to command the respect of some of the greatest minds of the 20th Century, despite the sexism of the time.
But while Bletchley Park hero Alan Turing - who was punished by a post-war society where homosexuality was illegal and died at 41 - has been treated more kindly by history, the same cannot yet be said for Clarke.
The only woman to work in the nerve centre of the quest to crack German Enigma ciphers, Clarke rose to deputy head of Hut 8, and would be its longest-serving member.

BBC News, 10 November 2014

Monday, 10 November 2014

In the news - Science careers not 'the preserve of men'

Teenaged girls must not be allowed to feel that maths and science subjects are "the preserve of men", says England's Education Secretary.
Nicky Morgan says only by tackling "tired stereotypes" about science careers will the gender pay gap between men and women be "eliminated".
She highlighted that fewer than one in five girls who get an A* in physics GCSE go on to study it at A-level.
Ms Morgan is backing a campaign to boost the take-up of science A-levels.

BBC News, 10 November 2014

All-staff Athena Swan meeting this Wednesday

All staff Athena Swan focus group - Burnaby 4.05, 12th November, 1-2 pm

As part of the School's Athena SWAN application, we are holding two focus groups to gather feedback on current conditions, ongoing concerns and suggestions for future progress. The first of these was for female staff, identifying both examples of good practice and issues in need of further work. Now it's time to discuss these points as a School, so all members - PhD students, technical, office, research and academic staff - can have their say. The meeting will be held in Burnaby 4.05 from 1-2pm on the 12th November, and will be introduced by Jeanette Faulkner, Athena SWAN Coordinator for the University.

Sunday, 9 November 2014

In the news

Our ‘Mommy’ Problem - NY Times, 8 November 2014
By:

WHEN I hear someone telling an expectant mother that having a baby will turn her into a new person, I can’t help but imagine a pathologically optimistic weather forecaster brightly warning that an oncoming tornado is about to give a town “an extreme makeover.” Becoming a mother doesn’t change you so much as violently refurbish you, even though you’re still the same underneath it all.
That can be hard to remember when teachers, coaches, pediatricians and strangers alike suddenly stop addressing you by your name, or even “ma’am” or “lady,” and start calling you “Mom.” You’ll feel like a new person, all right — a new person you don’t necessarily know or recognize.
Motherhood is no longer viewed as simply a relationship with your children, a role you play at home and at school, or even a hallowed institution. Motherhood has been elevated — or perhaps demoted — to the realm of lifestyle, an all-encompassing identity with demands and expectations that eclipse everything else in a woman’s life.

Read more here.

In the news

Why It's Crucial to Get More Women Into Science - National Geographic, 7 November 2014
By: Marguerite Del Giudice

Amid growing signs that gender bias has affected research outcomes and damaged women's health, there’s a new push to make science more relevant to them.
James Gross, a psychology professor at Stanford University, has a 13-year-old daughter who loves math and science. It hasn't occurred to her yet that that's unusual, he says. "But I know in the next couple of years, it will."
She's already being pulled out of class to do advanced things "with a couple of other kids, who are guys," he says. And as someone who studies human emotion for a profession, Gross says, "I know as time goes on, she'll feel increasingly lonely as a girl who's interested in math and science"—and be at risk of narrowing her choices in life before finding out how far she could have gone.

Read more here.

In the news

Paternity Leave: The Rewards and the Remaining Stigma - NY Times, 7 November 2014
By: Claire Cain Miller

Five months after Todd Bedrick’s daughter was born, he took some time off from his job as an accountant. The company he works for, Ernst & Young, offered paid paternity leave, and he decided to take six weeks — the maximum amount — when his wife, Sarah, went back to teaching. He learned how to lull the fitful baby to sleep on his chest and then to sit very still for an hour to avoid waking her. He developed an elaborate system for freezing and thawing his wife’s pumped breast milk. And each day at lunchtime, he drove his daughter to the elementary school where Sarah teaches so she could nurse. When she came home at the end of the day, he handed over the baby and collapsed on the couch.

Read more here.